Akerman Carol A DPM

Podiatric Medicine and Podiatric Surgeon

If early treatments fail or the bunion gets too big, you may need surgery. We have several surgical procedures such as a simple bunionectomy. A more severe bunion may need a more involved procedure, which includes cutting the bone and realigning the joint.

How is it caused?

When the normal balance of forces exerted on the joints and tendons of the foot becomes disrupted, it can lead to instability and cause the bunion. It takes years of abnormal motion and pressure over the MTP joint to occur. Ultimately it is caused by the way we walk, inherited foot type and shoes. It tends to run in families.



• Apply non-medicated bunion pad

• Wear shoes with a wide and deep toe box

• Apply ice packs to reduce swelling when inflamed and painful

• Stay away from high-heeled shoes that are more than 2 inches high

• Take an antiflamatory

An enlargement of the bone at the base of the big toe. It usually causes a painful joint. If left untreated it can cause extreme pain because the joint carries so much of the body's weight when walking.

external shot of a foot with bunion

Do you have any of these symptoms?

Surgical Options

What is a bunion?

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Non-surgical treatments:

• Padding and taping

• Medication

• Physical therapy

• Orthotics

Bone shot of a foot showing bunion medicine-icoe
  • A firm bump at the base of your big toe.

  • Swelling, redness, or pain at or near the MTP joint

  • Corns or any other irritations caused by the overlap of your first and second toes

  • Restricted or painful motion of the big toe.

For relief